Saturday, November 20, 2010

Stephen Jones, an Introduction

This blog chronicles the life of Stephen Jones of Newark, Essex County, New Jersey, who served in the New Jersey Militia during the Revolutionary War. He married Keziah Strawn of Washington County, Pennsylvania, daughter of John and Keziah (nee Dennis) Strawn; they had at least a dozen children. Stephen is later found in Indiana, Missouri, and Illinois.

Because of Stephen Jones' extraordinary connections to history through the Revolutionary War, and later the early growth of the LDS church, it has been possible to find historical records which refer to him. In addition, 2 precious letters written by him to his children have been carefully preserved by his descendants. I have attempted here to provide details of his life with proof, as much as possible. Additional proof is needed for some of his children. I would be happy to hear from anyone who has additional research. Please email me.

I present this blog to preserve the history of this American Patriot, and to benefit any with an ancestral connection to this man. The best way to read this blog would be in reverse order, beginning with the oldest post; details of his life would then read in chronological order.

Thursday, November 4, 2010

Children of Stephen Jones

Ancestral File v.4 19 at FamilySearch.org credits Stephen and Keziah (nee Strawn) Jones with twelve children; no sources are cited in the Ancestral File. I believe that there may have been thirteen children. Below is a listing of these children, *proven* and *unproven*; note child #13, not included in the ancestral file.

1. John Jones *unproven* b. ca 1795 Washington Co. PA

d. prob. bef. 1800, when Stephen Jones is enumerated with two sons (Hiram and Moses, both proven), and two daughters.
2. Hiram Jones *proven* b. ca 1796 Washington Co. PA

Hiram is mentioned by name in Stephen Jones' letter of 2 Dec 1831. On 8 Apr 1844 Moses Jones was baptized for his deceased brother, Hiram Jones. Hiram is listed in the Cincinnati Directory as working in a type foundry. His name appears 3 times in the 1830 Census in Cincinnati, Hamilton County, OH: 1830 Census OH Hamilton No. Liberties of Cincinnati Hiram Jones 1m 5-9, 1m 30-39, 2f u5, 1f 20-29 1830 Census OH Hamilton Cincinnati 2WD P 3 Hiram Jones 1m 30-39, 1m 50-59, 1f u5, 1f 20-29 George Carr 2m u5, 1m 30-39, 1f 20-29 1830 Census OH Hamilton Cincinnati 5WD p.51 744 Hiram Jones 1m 20-29, 1m 60-69, 1f u5, 1f 30-39 Nehemiah Blake 1m 5-u10, 2m 10-14, 1m 30-39, 1f u5, 1f 5-9, 1f 30-39 Hiram's age in this last record, enumerated just before Nehemiah Blake, is not correct, but the family make-up is the same as that of the Hiram who was enumerated just before George Carr. Are these the same Hiram Jones? Who is the first Hiram? According to the book Index of Death Notices and Marriage Notices Appearing in the Cincinnati Daily Gazette, 1827-1881, Part 1 (Jeffrey G. Herbert; Heritabe Books; 2007;Google Books), a Hiram Jones died 24 Oct 1832 in Cincinnati; more research is needed to verify this is Stephen Jones' son, Hiram.
3. Lydia Jones *unproven* b. ca 1797 Washington, PA d. bef. 1876; m. Samuel Clark

4. Rachel Jones *unproven* b. 1 Jul 1798 Washington PA m. Henry Blake

It is possible that this is the Rachel Jones who m. 1) William Van Sickle in Cincinnati on 29 Jan 1818 (their son, Stephen Van Sickle b. ca 1820 Cincinnati OH) and m. 2) Nehemiah Blake in Hamilton Co. OH ca 1830 (their daughter, Permelia Ann Blake b. 31 Mar 1831 Cincinnati OH). Note that Rachel named a son Stephen; I believe the daughter's name, Permelia, is also a family name. A Rachel Vansickle is found in the 1820 census, living in Madison, Butler County, OH (U.S. Census OH Butler Madison p.5) Rachel, between ages 26 and 45, is listed as head of household; in the same household are 2 boys under age 10, 3 girls under age 10, and 1 girl between ages 10 and 16. [see Jeannie M.'s post below regarding this census and the 1825 Cincinnati Directory] A Stephen Vansickle is found in Wapello, Louisa County, IA in 1850 and following. Iowa state census record indicate he moved to Iowa about 1848. A Nehemiah Blake is found in Louisa County, IA as early as the 1847 Iowa State Census; in that census the household includes 1 male over 21, 2 females under 21, and 1 female over 21 (on the same page appears his son, Henry Clay Blake, with presumably a wife, and a son under age 21). Thanks to Jeannie M. for Stephen Van Sickle's obit: "Columbus Gazette, May 18, 1893: Stephen Vansickle died at his home in Wapello, May 15...He was a step-son of the eccentric Nehemiah Blake, who died a number of years since at Morning Sun," and Permelia (nee Blake) Wilson's obit: "Mrs. Permelia (Blake) Wilson was born in the city of Cincinnati, Ohio, in March 1831. With her parents, she removed in 1832 to the vicinity of Oxford, Butler Co., Ohio. In 1847, the family removed to near Morning Sun, Iowa." Nehemiah Blake, Stephen Van Sickle, and Permelia (nee Blake) Wilson are all buried in Brown/Rice Cemetery in Morning Sun, Louisa county, IA. No record of Rachel's death or burial has been found; no wife is found in Nehemiah's household in the 1850 census.
5. Moses Jones *proven* b. 4 Jul 1799 Washington, Washington PA d. 10 Mar 1879 Provo, Utah, UT bur. 12 Mar 1879 Provo, Utah, UT m. 1) Eliza Case 2) Ann Cliff

Moses is mentioned in Stephen Jones' letters dated 2 Dec 1831 and 1 May 1838. Stephen Jones writes of his son, Moses, purchasing a lot and house in Quincy. In 1840/41 Stephen is identified living with Moses Jones in Quincy, IL. Moses became a member of the LDS Church, and was baptized for his deceased mother, Kisiah Jones. Moses he and his wife, Eliza are named in the Quincy church records. They named a son Stephen S. Jones.
6. Hannah Jones *unproven* b. 1 Jun 1800 Washington, PA

7. Elizabeth Jones *needs stronger proof* b. ca 1801 Washington, PA m. George Carr

George Carr, is menioned by name in Stephen Jones' letter of 2 Dec 1831, although a relationship is not stated. In 1830 George Carr and Hiram Jones are enumerated sequentially in the census in Cincinnati, Hamilton Co. OH (see #2 Hiram Jones). George and Elizabeth Carr appear in the censuses from 1850 to 1870 in Campbell Co. KY. Their sons include Stephen and Benjamin Carr.
8. Stephen Jones Jr. *proven* b. ca 1802 Middletown, Butler, OH

Stephen Jr. is mentioned by name in Stephen Jones' letter of 2 Dec 1831, and other documents refer to Stephen Jones, Senior, inferring there was a Stephen Jones Junior. No other information known.
9. Phoebe Jones *unproven* b. ca 1803 Middletown, Butler, OH

10. Harriet Jones *needs stronger proof* b. ca 1804 Middletown, Butler, OH

The Harriet Jones listed among Stephen Jones' children in the LDS Ancestral File matches closely to Harriet (nee Jones) Ward Franconi, widow of Zebediah Ward and Lewis Franconi, b. bet. 1802 and 1804 in Ohio. Confirming evidence are the affidavit of the witness Jno Lewis, dated 1855 in Cincinnati, OH, which states that Harriet Franconi's father was Stephen Jones, and the fact that she was residing at Aaron Hutton, the same person that a son of Benjamin Jones resided with in 1870, stating in a letter that he was living with his aunt. Harriet named a son Stephen Benjamin Ward.
11. Mary Ann Jones *proven* b. ca 1805 Middletown, Butler, OH


Mary Ann is mentioned by name in Stephen Jones' letter of 2 Dec 1831. A marriage of a Mary Ann Jones to a George Trace is recorded on in Butler Co. OH. Stephen Jones mentions George Trace in his letter dated 1 May 1838. George and Mary Trace are found in Hanover, Butler Co. OH in the 1850 census; this Mary Ann was born ca. 1818, conflicting with the Ancestral File. They named a son Stephen Trace.


April 2011 UPDATE--Some progress has been made on proving Mary Ann Trace to be the same Mary Ann of Stephen Jones' letter. A descendant of Mary Ann contacted a Stephen Jones researcher, and provided the list of Stephen's children handed down through her family. An experienced researcher, newly researching Mary Ann Jones Trace, this person had no prior knowledge of the work done on Stephen Jones, yet her list of children, with some small differences, matches that of other researchers. It looks probable Mary Ann, wife of George Trace, is Stephen Jones daughter.

12. Benjamin V. Jones *proven* b. 1 Apr 1806 Greene, PA. d. 1 Apr 1886 Covington, Kenton, KY. bur. 3 Apr 1886 Spring Grove Cemetery, Hamilton, OH m. 1) Jane Owens and 2) 18 Jan 1852 in Cincinnati, Hamilton, OH to Mary Ann "Molly" Falkinburg

Benjamin is mentioned by name in Stephen Jones' letter of 2 Dec 1831. He confirmed his birth date and place by information he provided to the Cincinnati Pioneer publication in 1856. An affidavit is found in Stephen Jones' pension file, recorded in Hamilton Co., OH on 11 Sep 1836 is a statement by Benjamin V. Jones stating "for the last Twenty Years, [he] frequently heard Stephen Jones Senior, say that he served as a regular soldier in the War of the American Revolution." Benjamin and Jane named a daughter Harriet Jones. Before 1870 Benjamin sent his son, William Eugene Jones to live with his "Aunt Millie," who the census shows to be the wife of Aaron Hutton (see #10 Harriet Jones); William is found in the household of Aaron and Parmelia Hutton in Columbia, Hamilton Co. OH in the 1870 census). Letters written by Stephen Jones were preserved by descendants of Benjamin V. Jones.
13. Permelia Jones (not listed in the Ancestral File) *unproven* b. ca 1805 PA


A marriage for Permelia Jones and Aaron Hutton was recorded on 12 Apr 1832 in Butler Co. OH. Aaron and Permelia Hutton are found in Hamilton Co. OH in the 1850 through 1870 censuses. It was Aaron and Permelia "Millie" Hutton that Harriet (nee Jones) Ward Franconi and William Eugene Jones resided with. Their daughters include Harriet, Elizabeth and Mary A. Hutton.



25 Mar 2011: UPDATE--Permelia Hutton's burial record has been found at the website for Mt. Washington Cemetery in Hamilton County, Ohio http://www.cemeteryindex.com/mtwashington1/ . It spells her name Pamellia Hutton, and states she was born 1810 in Kentucky. She died 26 Feb 1893. Most important to this search, her father's name is given as Stephen Jones.

Tuesday, November 2, 2010

1839-1842 Quincy, Illinois

Stephen Jones was among 6,000 Latter Day Saints who found refuge in Quincy, Illinois after their expulsion from Missouri. The Saints arrived homeless and without means of support. Quincy residents expressed indignation at the treatment of the Mormons, welcoming them and offering protection. At one point refugees outnumbered residents 3 to 1; still, many Quincy residents took refugees into their homes, while other refugees camped in makeshift tents in Quincy's Washington Park. [Quincy: City of Refuge; Susan Easton Black, Mormon Historical Studies]

Below is an ad that appeared in a February 1839 edition of the Quincy Daily Whig.


Stephen Jones was fortunate in that his son, Moses, was already living in Quincy. It is likely that Stephen went into his son's household on his arrival. The timeline for Moses joining the Latter-Day Saints church is probably within the year after his father's arrival in Quincy.

From jail Joseph Smith instructed the Saints to compile affidavits concerning their losses, which were assembled into petitions seeking to recover damages incurred during the Missouri Mormon War. On 8 May 1839 at Quincy Stephen Jones filed an affidavit claiming his losses, which was included in the first petition. It reads as follows:

"Jones, Stephen
Quincy, Ill. May 8th 1839
A Charge of damages sustained by Stephen Jones in Consequence of being driven at different times by mobs in the state of Missouri the whole amount sumed [sic] together two hundred and fifteen Dollars $215.00
I certify the above account to Be Just and true according to the Best of my Knole(dge)
Quincy, Ill May 8th 1839 Stephen Jones
{sworn to before C.M. Woods, C.C.C., Adams Co., IL, 15 May 1839}"
[FHL US/CAN 6003720 Mormon Redress Petitions]

The petition seems to corroborate that Stephen Jones was driven from his residences in Missouri on more than one occasion.

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In October 1840 Stephen Jones was appointed to the Presidency of the newly organized Quincy stake. "Sunday, 25.--The committee organized a Stake at Quincy. The presidency were Daniel Stanton, Stephen Jones and Ezra T. Benson." [History of the church of Jesus Christ of latter-day saints, Part 1, Volume 4 pg. 233; Church of Jesus Christ of latter-day saints, Brigham Henry Roberts; Deseret News, 1908]

I feel obligated here to report two conflicting reports regarding the identity of the individual who was appointed to the presidency with Daniel Stanton and Ezra Benson:

In his autobiography Ezra Benson wrote "The next day Bro. Hyrum [Hyrum Smith, brother of Joseph]...organized the stake by appointing Daniel Stanton, president, and Father Moses Jones, who was about seventy years old, his first counsellor; he also ordained me a High Priest and appointed me his second counselor, and remarked to the Saints, 'You may think a little strange of my appointment, but Bro. Jones is an old man and experienced in the Church, and Bro. Benson, is young and wants to learn.'" [Autobiography of Ezra T. Benson (1811-1869); Book of Abraham Project, Early Saints]

Jeffrey O'Driscoll, author of Hyrum Smith: A Life of Integrity, in his devotional address at Brigham Young University--Hawaii on 26 January 2010 entitled "Hyrum Smith: An Example of Faithfulness" states "When [Hyrum] reorganized a stake presidency in 1840, he called Daniel Stanton as stake president, with an elderly Moses Jones as first counselor and twenty-nine-year-old Ezra T. Benson as second counselor. 'You may think a little strange of my appointment,' he explained, 'but Bro. Jones is an old man and experienced in the Church, and Bro. Benson, is young and wants to learn.'" ["Hyrum Smith: An Example of Faithfulness"; Jeffrey O'Driscoll, 2010]

Moses Jones, whose name is recorded along with that of his spouse, Eliza, in the Quincy Stake records, would have been about 40 years old, and so the age and description of "Bro. Jones" does not match the son, but does match the father, Stephen, whose name also appears in those records. It is my opinion that Mr. Benson and Mr. O'Driscoll have confused Moses Jones (who would also have been known to church leaders) with his father, Stephen Jones.

The following spring of 1840 all Stakes outside Hancock County, Illinois and Lee County, Iowa were discontinued; Moses and his family would likely have had to travel to Nauvoo for church functions. According to L.S. Eliason, on 8 Apr 1841 Stephen Jones was ordained High Priest at Nauvoo, Hancock County, Illinois. [notes to L.S. Eliason gedcom]

"The first public affirmation of the ordinance of baptism for the dead in the Church was in a funeral sermon given by Joseph Smith in Nauvoo in August 1840. The first baptisms for the dead were performed in the Mississippi River near Nauvoo." [Light Planet: Baptisms for the Dead; LightPlanet.com; 2010]

Included among the earliest records for Baptisms for the Dead are Stephen Jones for Jefferson, Thos & P.U.S. [President, United States], friend; Lafayette, Genl Marquis De, friend, and Washington, Geo & P.U.S., friend. In the same volume, Moses Jones was baptized for Kissiah Jones, mother. [FHL US/CAN 183376 Baptisms for the Dead 1840-1845 Vol. A, pgs 81, 82, 100, 176] In April of 1844 Moses performed baptisms for additional deceased family members Hiram Jones (brother), Lydia Clark (aunt), Haldah Grant (aunt), and Hannah Harris (aunt).

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The 1841 Census of Pensioners (Second Ward of Quincy City, Adams County, Illinois) records a pensioner named Stephen Jones, age 77, residing with Moses Jones, the head of the household as of 1 Jun 1840. [1841 Census of Pensioners for Revolutionary or Military Services; Washington, USA; Blair and Rives, 1841]

Moses' household was enumerated on 1 Jun 1840 in the 2nd Ward of Quincy. His household included 1 male under 5, 1 male between 40 and 50, 1 male between 70 and 80, 2 females under 5, 1 female between 5 and 10, 1 female between 10 and 15, 1 female between 30 and 40, and 1 female between 70 and 80. [1840 U.S. Federal Census, Quincy, Adams County, Illinois, pg. 7] The male between 70 and 80 is clearly Moses' father, Stephen Jones. It is unclear whether the female between 70 and 80 was related to Moses or Eliza.

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On 26(27) Jan 1842 Stephen Jones died in Quincy, Adams County, Illinois. His death was acknowledged by the Quincy Stake, and he was buried in the "Potters Field" in Woodlawn Cemetery in Quincy. (Second Quincy Cemetery, now Madison Park, Pottersfield section, corner Maine and 24th Streets, Quincy, Adams County, Illinois, USA). The cemetery records show that there were three distinct sections in the burial ground. The first is identified simply by lot number and north or south. The second area is called "Pottersfield," probably used for indigent burials. The third section is called "Strangers Ground." [Mormon Historical Studies, Volume 2: The Early Quincy Cemetery and Mormon Burials; Ward, Maurine, 2001; p. 149, 150, 152, 159; http://www.googlebooks.com/]

A digital image and my transcription of Stephen Jones' obituary from the Quincy Whig are shown below:



"A SOLDIER OF THE REVOLUTION
Died in this city, on the 27th of Jan. 1842, Stephen JONES, aged 79 years. The deceased was a soldier of the Revolution, and served his country with credit and honor in those dark days of trouble. He was buried with military honors by the volunteer companies of the city-the 'Grays' and 'Guards'. Thus has another of those tried patriots faded from earth - death is fast thinning their ranks - but a little time, and there will not be one left of that patriot band. Their glorious deeds, however, will live forever in the minds of their countrymen."
[Quincy Whig; 5 Feb 1842 p.3 c.2]