Friday, July 16, 2010

Residence 1794-1800

Stephen Jones and Keziah Strawn were reportedly married in 1794 in Washington County, Pennsylvania. Based on a birth year of 1763, he would have been about 31 years old when he married her. Where was he prior to this marriage?

Ancestry has 23 results for Ste* Jones in the 1790 census. None of the locations are logical conclusions to be the one from Essex County, New Jersey, who married ca 1794 in Washington County, Pennsylvania. Of course, it's likely that, as a single man, he was enumerated in someone else's household. Possibly he was living with family, or working as a farm laborer.

The first seven of Stephen and Keziah's children are stated to have been born in Washington and Greene Counties, Pennsylvania between 1795 and 1801. The 8th child, Stephen Jr., is stated to have been born in Ohio ca 1802. This information tells us that Stephen Jones should be found in the 1800 census in Washington or Greene County, Pennsylvania.

Greene County, Pennsylvania was formed from part of Washington County in 1796. It's possible that Stephen and Keziah lived in one spot that became a different county, thus they changed addresses, without actually moving.

Morgan Township was formed in 1781 as a part of Washington County; it is currently located in the upper right-hand side of Greene County, Pennsylvania

A search of the 1800 census reveals a Stephen Jones living in Morgan Township, Greene County, Pennsylvania: 1800 Census PA Greene Morgan P 3 L 19 Jones Stephen 2 - - 1 - 2 - 1 - - -

Correlating individuals claimed to be Stephen's children gives the following results:
2 males under 10: John b. 1795, Hiram b. 1796, Moses b. 1799
1 male 26-44: Stephen b. 1763
2 females under 10: Lydia b. 1797, Rachel b. 1798
1 female 16-25: Keziah b. 1773

There are two discrepancies here:

1) According to the Ancestral File entry, Keziah was born 6 Mar 1773, and would have turned 27 on her birthday in 1800. That makes the census off by 2 years. The difference in Keziah's age is small, and can be attributed to either the Ancestral File record, or the census being off.

2) There are only 2 males listed under 10 years of age, but according to the Ancestral File, there should be three: John, Hiram and Moses. One answer to this is that Hiram and Moses are identified in later documents, but John is not. It's possible that John died as a child, or that one of the males was missed in the count.

I feel confidant that this is the correct Stephen Jones in 1800.

Wednesday, July 7, 2010

To Have and To Hold

Updated 16 Oct 2010

Documentation on Stephen Jones' marriages is sparse, to say the least. One of the best sources for his first marriage is a record of a Proxy Baptism for the Dead performed on 17 Nov 1840 at Quincy, Illinois by Stephen's son, Moses Jones, for "Kisiah Jones," whose relationship was "mother." [Baptisms for the Dead, Vol. A, 1840-1841; FHL US/CAN 0183376]

This establishes that Stephen was married to a woman named Kisiah (or Keziah) at the time of Moses' birth. Moses Jones' grave marker states his birth place was "Washington, PA" which is where Stephen is reported to have married Keziah Strawn in 1792.

This is the same area to which John Strawn and Keziah Dennis removed sometime after they married in 1770, settling in "Morgan Township in the forks of Ten Mile the northeast corner of the present Greene County, Pennsylvania, where they were living in 1804...." [Early Friends Families of Upper Bucks: With Some Account of Their Descendants; Robert, Clarence V.; Genealogical Publishing Company; 1975]. Their children reportedly include a daughter named Keziah.

John Strawn's will (Greene County, Pennsylvania Will Book I, #114, pp. 72-73), probated in 1808 in Greene County, Pennsylvania names as executors son Jacob and "son-in-law Stephen Jones." [Building An American Pedigree: A Study In Genealogy; Wright, Norman Edgar M.S., A.G.; Brigham Young University Press; 1974]

Greene County was formed from Washington County in 1796. In the 1800 census in Morgan Township, Greene County, Pennsylvania, on page 4, line 19, there appears a Stephen Jones aged between 26 and 45, with 2 males under age 10, 2 females under 10, and one female between the ages of 16 and 26. This roughly matches the make up of what researchers believe Stephen Jones family to have been at this time.

Sometime around 1801-1802 Stephen is supposed to have moved his family to Hamilton County, Ohio. Keziah is believed to have died or been put aside sometime after 1806.

By 1831 Stephen was married to a woman named "Mary." This is proven by the letter he wrote from Delaware County, Indiana, referring toher as his children's 'step-mother.' It is believed this may be a woman named Mary Davis, who married a Stephen Jones on 15 Apr 1813 in Montgomery, Ohio (is this Montgomery County? or Montgomery, Hamilton County?). Mary Davis of Montgomery, Ohio is apparently NOT a marriage of Stephen Jones from Essex, NJ; see note on question near end of post.
In addition, N. Bennett had written to me that this Stephen Jones married an Ann Palin. I find no other mention of this anywhere. Can anyone tell me anything about this marriage?

In his book Building An American Pedigree (cited above), Norman Wright implies that Stephen Jones was married to a woman named Alabama, whose grave is found near Winchester, Indiana (Stephen lived in Delaware County, near Winchester). Wright shows a photo of the grave marker, which reads "Alabama wife of Stephen Jones died ??? 18??." I found that this grave, and another of 'Edward N., infant son of S & A d. 23 Mar 1853 aged 1y 3m 2d,' are located in Thraikill (or Thrailkill) Cemetery in Grant County, Indiana. Alabama's stone is reported "broken and set in cement; no date visible." Alabama Jones, age 25 born in IN, is found in the 1850 Census in Dist. 97, Rush County, Indiana, with her husband, Stephen age 29, also born in IN, plus two sons, Henry age 7 and Wm age 5, both born in IA. This is NOT a marriage of Stephen Jones from Essex, NJ.

I had also found a marriage for a Stephen Jones to Louisa Dodge on 31 Dec 1837 in Clinton County, Missouri, another area near where Stephen Jones was known to have lived (this Stephen has proved to be a widower with 4 children, born ca l805 in Kentucky, who lived in Andrew County, Missouri in 1850). This, also, is NOT a marriage of Stephen Jones from Essex, NJ.

So, what happened to Keziah? And why do some researchers state she died in 1843?

Is Mary Davis the same Mary Stephen named in his letter? In 1820 a Stephen Jones and wife, both between the ages of 26-44, and 5 children under the age of 10, are living in Montgomery County, Ohio.
L. Eliason has discovered several deeds in Montgomery County, Ohio that appear to be for this younger man. As of this date, it is my opinion, and that of L. Eliason, that Mary Davis was the wife of this younger Stephen Jones, not the wife of Stephen Jones, the RW Veteran.

When and where did Stephen marry Ann Palin, if he, indeed, was married to her?

And what happened to Mary and (possibly) Ann?

Monday, July 5, 2010

Revolutionary War Service

On 4 Dec 1836 Stephen Jones filed for his pension benefits based on the Act of Congress passed 7 Jun 1832. During the hearing he described his military service. The following is the transcription of the portion of the hearing describing his service:

"That he entered the service of the United States under the following named officers, and served as herein stated.

That in June 1780, on an alarm of the near approach of the British troop, commanded by Gen. Knyphausen, in Essex county New Jersey, he entered the militia >as a private< under Capt. Thomas Williams, Maj. Samuel Hayes– does not recollect the names of any other officers –

That on the first day of the alarm was in several smart skirmishes – in the evening the Enemey retired to Elizabethtown – point; at which place they remained awhile – They then marched out to Springfield, burned Springfield meeting house, and were met by Col. Spencer who commanded the American Troops, a battle was fought, in which he was engaged, the enemy were co-fented and retired again to Elizabeth Town point ??. The Troops under Col. Spencer were Regular Troops.

He continued in the service until the British retired from New Jersey. He thinks the expedition was from two to four weeks – does not particularly recollect. He then was dismissed and went home, to Newark, Essex county, N. Jersey. On the last of June or first of July, 1780, he enlisted in the Service, as a private sol-dier, for six months, under Capt. Thomas Blanch, Lieutenant Anthony Brown, and Major John M. Gotchew [Goetschius]. The Sargeant Major’s name was Nathan Pennington.

He joined his company at Closter, New Jersey, then marched to Closter landing on the Hudson River. He was marched from the last named place to Hackensack – and was kept during the time of his enlistment, with his battalion, between the American and British Armies. Some time in the same fall he was engaged on Newark Marsh, in a skirmish with the Enemy. In the forepart of January, 1781, when his term of service expired, he was dismissed, and some time after was in-formed that he must appear at Hackensack, to receive his discharge and Certificate for his pay, which he did, signed by Lieutenant Anthony Brown- His certificate, he sold to a John Burnet, in New-ark. The discharge and certificate were con-tained in ??? instrument.

There is no other doc-umentory evidence, to which he can refer, received by himself to substantiate his claim. But he has obtained the depositions of Walter Dickenson and Benjamin V. Jones by whom he can prove his ser-vices.

He deems it proper to mention that while out on the alarm occasioned by the invasion of New Jersey by Knyphausen, he was made by a Lieutenant, and twenty four men to guard Gen. Washington while he reviewed the British camp from a high eminence some distance off."

Revolutionary War Pension File S15903; Heritage Quest Online

Saturday, July 3, 2010

Birth of a Patriot

A number of researchers have put forth several birth dates for the Stephen Jones who married Keziah Strawn. Searching, I have found all of the following: "5 Jan 1763," "1765," and "1773." The most challenging have been dates posted by two researchers in separate Pedigree Resource Files. The birth date, 5 Jan 1772 and died 5 Mar 1852, would preclude him being the Revolutionary War patriot who joined the New Jersey Militia in 1780, and the death date does not match that found in his obituary.

'5 Jan 1763, with a birth place of Newark, Essex, New Jersey,' has a film source [FHL US/CAN 13l96200 Patron Ordinance Submission Sheets 1969-1991]. 'Born 1765 in Essex, New Jersey' also has a film source [FHL US/CAN 445956 Salt Lake City temple endowments for the dead, 1893-1970]. This contradictory information is somewhat confusing, as church members are required to provide proof by research of their ancestors.

The Stephen Jones who served in the New Jersey troops during the Revolution in 1780 resided in Essex County, New Jersey. He was also old enough to have been accepted in the Militia and Regular Troops that year. These facts are established by his application for his benefit based on the Pension Act passed 7 Jun 1832. In December 1838, when he gave testimony in his pension hearing, his age was marked down as 74 years. [Revolutionary War Pension File S15903; Heritage Quest Online] This places his birth ca. 1764.

The census is one place we can normally turn to help us establish a general birth year. Stephen Jones can be placed in Delaware County, Indiana in 1831, based on a letter he wrote from that location. A Stephen Jones does appear in Liberty, Delaware County, Indiana in the 1830 census:
1830 Census IN Delaware Liberty P 1 L 13
Stephen Jones - - - - - - - 1 1 - - - - // - - - - - - 1
[U.S. Census Records; National Archives;]

This record reads as: '1 male age 50 to under 60, 1 male age 60 to under 70, 1 female age 40 to under 50.' From this record, we might speculate that Stephen Jones is either the male between 50 and 60 or the male between 60 and 70. If he were under 60, that would place his birth between 1761 and 1771. If he were the older male, birth would have been between 1751 and 1761.

The 1840 census is of even more help; that year census takers were required to identify Revolutionary War pensioners by name and age. Stephen Jones, living with his son, Moses, in Quincy, Illinois, is found in the 1840 Federal Census:

1840 U.S. Census IL Adams Quincy 2nd Ward P 7 L 14
(Pg.7) Moses Jones 1 - - - - - 1 - - 1 - - - //2 1 2 - - 1 - - - 1
(Pg.8) Stephen Jones 77
[U.S. Census Records; National Archives;]

The males translate to 1 male under age 5, 1 male age 40 to under 50, and 1 make age 70 to under 80. Since Stephen, age 77, is listed separately on page 2, he is clearly the male between 70 and 80. The 1841 Census of Pensioners also lists Stephen Jones age 77, living with Moses Jones in Quincy 2nd Ward.

The obituary of Stephen Jones appeared in the Quincy Whig on 5 Feb 1842, page 3, column 2. It gives Stephen's age as "79" in Jan 1842, which translates to a birth year of 1762; he would have been 17 or 18 when he enlisted in the New Jersey Militia.

The Quincy Whig, 5 Feb 1842 p.3 c.2
Died in this city, on the 27th of Jan. 1842, Stephen JONES, aged 79 years. The deceased was a soldier of the Revolution, and served his country with credit and honor in those dark days of trouble. He was buried with military honors by the volunteer companies of the city-the "Grays" and "Guards". Thus has another of those tried patriots faded from earth - death is fast thinning their ranks - but a little time, and there will not be one left of that patriot band. Their glorious deeds, however, will live forever in the minds of their countrymen."